Category Archives: 4.5 stars

Unbroken – Laura Hillenbrand

unbrokenBook Description (Amazon):

On a May afternoon in 1943, an Army Air Forces bomber crashed into the Pacific Ocean and disappeared, leaving only a spray of debris and a slick of oil, gasoline, and blood.  Then, on the ocean surface, a face appeared.  It was that of a young lieutenant, the plane’s bombardier, who was struggling to a life raft and pulling himself aboard.  So began one of the most extraordinary odysseys of the Second World War.

The lieutenant’s name was Louis Zamperini.  In boyhood, he’d been a cunning and incorrigible delinquent, breaking into houses, brawling, and fleeing his home to ride the rails.  As a teenager, he had channeled his defiance into running, discovering a prodigious talent that had carried him to the Berlin Olympics and within sight of the four-minute mile.  But when war had come, the athlete had become an airman, embarking on a journey that led to his doomed flight, a tiny raft, and a drift into the unknown.

Ahead of Zamperini lay thousands of miles of open ocean, leaping sharks, a foundering raft, thirst and starvation, enemy aircraft, and, beyond, a trial even greater.  Driven to the limits of endurance, Zamperini would answer desperation with ingenuity; suffering with hope, resolve, and humor; brutality with rebellion.  His fate, whether triumph or tragedy, would be suspended on the fraying wire of his will.

In her long-awaited new book, Laura Hillenbrand writes with the same rich and vivid narrative voice she displayed in Seabiscuit.  Telling an unforgettable story of a man’s journey into extremity, Unbroken is a testament to the resilience of the human mind, body, and spirit.

My Review:

Executive summary: incredible

First of all, this is my review for last month’s book club book! Oops. I almost always finish my book before the meeting. But in fairness, I did have sinus surgery and foster six kittens this month. I’ve been busy. This book was worth it though. As a generality, I try to avoid biographies and non-fiction as I get distracted from them too easily. I also dislike war (or scary in general) stories too. (That’s one thing I like about book club is to be pushed a bit outside my “normal reading” comfort zone.) But this was such an interesting and well-written story, I never questioned finishing it.

Louis Zamperini was a bad-ass kid. Always getting in trouble. His older brother Pete finally convinced him to do track where he wildly excelled. He went to USC on a track scholarship. He switched to a different length (5000 m vs. 1500 m) and qualified to compete in the Berlin Olympics. (Not an important part to the story line, but I found it hilarious and interesting that the US Olympic team took a steamer from NY to Berlin and most of the athletes gained an excessive amount of weight on the way there eating all the free food!) Louie didn’t place at the Olympics but he was one of the younger members there, and he certainly had next time to achieve the elusive 4 minute mile time. He returned to the US and back to college. Then the war broke out and the 1940 Tokyo Olympics were cancelled. Louie dropped out of school, tried to join the Air Corps but dropped out because of airsickness and became a movie extra. Then, he was drafted anyway.

After basic training, Louie was commissioned as an army officer. He was trained to do bombsighting. His brother Pete was in the navy. When Louie got to his final round of training in Washington, he first met Russell Allen Phillips, or Phil, who was the captain of the plane Louie would be on. Phil had a girl Cecy waiting for him in Indiana. Louie and Phil flew on a B-24, “the flying coffin”, and named it Super Man. (The author heavily foreshadowed the fact that their plane was going to go down with statistic after statistic of how terrible the B-24’s were. In fairness, she had introduced the book with 2 pages of Zamperini already on the life raft but I still found the statistics a little heavy handed that could have been footnotes or appendices instead.) The crew goes to Hawaii after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and bombs Japanese holds in the region. Mechanical problems plague all the planes, including Super Man who eventually was shot to bits during the bombing over Nauru. They managed to get the plane back to Funafuti (5 hours away) where most of the crew was nursed back to health and then were attacked by the Japanese. After the attack, Louie, Phil and a few others were sent back to Hawaii where they were sent out on a rescue mission on the Green Hornet, a notoriously bad plane. Not long after take-off, both leftward engines died, sending the plane into a spiral which eventually crashed into the water. Louie, Phil and Mac were the only survivors.

They managed to get two life rafts. However, the provisions in the life rafts amounted to several military chocolate bars, a few half-pint tins of water, a brass mirror, a flare gun, sea die, a set of fishing hooks and line, two air pumps and a set of pliers with a screwdriver. And a patch kit for each raft. Over night the first night at sea, Mac, in apparent desperation and fear, ate all the chocolate.

The search parties sent for them completely missed them. They continued drifting at sea catching rain during any storms and using birds to catch small fish to eat. Louis and Phil told stories and kept their minds sharp. Mac sunk into a depression and eventually succumbed to the elements on day 33. Louis and Phil lasted until day 47 where they landed on the Marshall Islands and became Japanese POWs.  They had weathered the elements, storms, shark attacks, and gun fire for 47 days, but nothing prepared them for this.

The Japanese as a culture had (have?) a strong sense of pride and honor and when they were about to be captured, they committed suicide before allowing themselves to be captured by the enemy. Assuming incorrectly that other cultures held this same view of things, they assumed anyone who allowed themselves to be captured was fair game for all sort of torment, all but fully ignoring the Geneva Convention. He eventually (multiple prison transfers) gets placed in a prison called Ofuna with a leader nicknamed “the Bird” who had his eyes on Louis (the Bird was at the previous prison that Louis was at also and started the abuse then). The Bird thinks up all sorts of tortures for Louis, but Louis never loses his fight (which in turn encourages the Bird to try harder to break him). They work the coal mine daily and the food keeps getting more and more scant.

Eventually the US bombs Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Approximately a month later, Japan signed a formal surrender. In the mean time, the Bird realizes what happens to those who are on the losing side and sneaks off in the middle of the night. Supply ships find the prisons and drop more provisions than the men can handle. Many of them are given to civilians in nearby towns who have also been barely surviving. Eventually Louis’s prison is rescued and he returns to the US.

Phil also made it out of camp alive, going back to the US and marrying his longtime girlfriend Cecy who had never stopped waiting for him (in part due to a trip to visit a psychic). ❤

Louis obviously suffers PTSD, but uses his new relationship (and then marriage) to Cynthia Applegate as well as his new Olympic training to help distract him. However, his war injuries were too severe and his ankle was beyond repair. He would never run in another Olympics. This disastrous news leads Louie on a path to self-destruction of drinking and gambling. Cynthia leaves but then returns. Then Billy Graham comes to speak in USC and Cynthia sees the light of salvation. She tells Louie that she won’t divorce him and convinces him to go with her to see Graham speak again.

Louie remembers all the promises that he has made but not kept to God over his years of torture, and he forgets all about his previous plan to find and kill the Bird. He becomes a motivational speaker for Graham, and when he returns to Japan to speak in front of prison guards, he hugs them.

In the end, he never really re-meets the Bird who had evaded capture by working at small farms over the year, only resurfacing after the US agreed to stop punishing Japanese war criminals.

Verdict: 4.5 stars.

This book was an amazing story of strength. Louie’s mental, emotional, and physical strength throughout the book was beyond imagination. Not only did he survive, he helped Phil and many others to survive as well, and in the end, he gave back with love and forgiveness. The book was well-written, and got through a lot of the really horrific scenes in a way that was very matter-of-fact and didn’t give me nightmares. (Important to me.) I would recommend it whole-heartedly.


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The Blue Sweater – Jacqueline Novogratz

Book Description (Amazon):

The Blue Sweater is the inspiring story of a woman who lblue_sweater_left a career in international banking to spend her life on a quest to understand global poverty and find powerful new ways of tackling it. It all started back home in Virginia, with the blue sweater, a gift that quickly became her prized possession—until the day she outgrew it and gave it away to Goodwill. Eleven years later in Africa, she spotted a young boy wearing that very sweater, with her name still on the tag inside. That the sweater had made its trek all the way to Rwanda was ample evidence, she thought, of how we are all connected, how our actions—and inaction—touch people every day across the globe, people we may never know or meet.

From her first stumbling efforts as a young idealist venturing forth in Africa to the creation of the trailblazing organization she runs today, Novogratz tells gripping stories with unforgettable characters—women dancing in a Nairobi slum, unwed mothers starting a bakery, courageous survivors of the Rwandan genocide, entrepreneurs building services for the poor against impossible odds.
She shows, in ways both hilarious and heartbreaking, how traditional charity often fails, but how a new form of philanthropic investing called “patient capital” can help make people self-sufficient and can change millions of lives. More than just an autobiography or a how-to guide to addressing poverty, The Blue Sweater is a call to action that challenges us to grant dignity to the poor and to rethink our engagement with the world.
My Review:
Executive Summary: absolutely life changing
This book blew me away. Max was doing interviews recently and one of the questions for the interviewees was their favorite or most recently read books (great question!). One of the interviewees mentioned this one. He brought the name home to me, and after a quick look at the summary, I promptly requested it from the library. I am also planning on ordering my own copy so that I can share this story with others.
It’s also a tough book to summarize. Essentially it goes through Novogratz’s struggles and successes doing charitable work in Africa (and later India and Pakistan) over a period of about 30 years. It is auto-biographical, but I never thought it came off boastful or preachy or political in any way (which I appreciated). She begins her post-college life somewhat stumbling into a job in banking–a job which allows her to travel around the world. Unlike many privileged Americans, she spends time in the slum areas of her travels, not just the glitzy tourist destinations. This coupled with some disagreements with her boss leads her to abandon banking and take a job working for a nonprofit microfinance organization for women based in Nairobi. Initially the author hates the idea of catering specifically to women but that view changes throughout the book (realizing that helping a woman helps a whole family).
Her project in Nairobi doesn’t turn out very well as she is not very in tune to the culture of Africa. It’s a bit devastating, but in the end, she has learned some valuable lessons and takes on a new project in Rwanda. The Rwanda project was similar (microfinance loans to women) but it was actually successful. She also demonstrated running a charity like a business for the first time with a bakery for unwed mothers. This became the main theme of the book (how to run a charity like a business).
Novogratz returns to the USA to get an MBA at Stanford and then works for the Rockefeller Foundation where she initiates a program to teach wealthy people about charity (which I thought was really interesting). And then eventually she creates the “patient capital” investment company, Acumen Fund.
The issue that she is trying to address is that misguided charity often hurts the people receiving the charity. It’s something along the idea of give a man a fish or teach him to fish. However, it’s much more intricate than that. It’s not only teaching the skills but also investing in the infrastructure and economy to allow those skills to be honed. It’s a merging of empathy for people with the focus and conviction (and skillset) to help them. It’s listening and understanding the way that the local people do business and interact with each other to make the charity as effective as possible. Acumen Fund chooses to provide money for charitable organizations that are fully vested in their communities. They don’t just provide a product to the poor. They hire the poor, they expand technology and infrastructure all while providing something that will help the impoverished.
Verdict: 4.5-5 stars. This really, really made me think. The only downfall was that sometimes the writing was a bit matter-of-fact (Novogratz is not an author) and it was often hard to follow all the characters. Minor grievance for such a profound work.

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